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1. Gymnospermae ~ .?
2. Angiospermae ~.
Before Carl von Linne, (Linnaeus) the great Sweedish naturalist,
brought forth the binomial plan of nomenclature, no uniformity
existed in the assignment of plant names. Among the pre-Linnean
botanists there were some who designated plants by single names,
others who employed sentences in Buy Cheap Kamagra Online Uk naming them, some of which
were quite lengthy, and a number who adhered to the practice Kamagra For Sale Uk of
naming them in their own modern tongue. The result was quite
obvious, a number of systems were employed and confusion pre Buy Kamagra In Canada :
vailed among students. According to the binomial plan, which
has been universally adopted, every plant belongs to a species which
is given two Latin names. The first name is the name of the genus
or generic name, the second, the name of the species or specific
name. The generic name corresponds, in the naming of persons,
to Cheap Kamagra Next Day Delivery the surname or family name, while the specific name is analagous
to the given name. Thus, the Wild Cherry is named Prunus
serotina, Prunus representing the name of the genus, serotina the
specific name Buy Kamagra 100mg or kind of Prunus. The name of the genus (pi. genera)
is always a substantive in the singular number and must not be
applied to more than one genus. Its spelling should begin with a
capital letter. Genera names may be taken from any source what-
ever. Some, like Fagus for the Beech genus, and Acer for the Maple,
are of Latin origin. Others have been latinized from other lan-
guages. Some have been named after some therapeutic property,
their roots, leaves, flowers or seeds were thought to possess; for
example, Jafeorhiza, a latinized compound 'of two greek words,
idreipo:, healing, + ptfa, root, because of the healing virtues of the
root. A number have Best Place To Buy Kamagra had names ascribed to them Buy Kamagra In London because of some
peculiarity of structure, color, taste, odor, behavior, habit or appear-
ance of the plant or portion thereof.
FUNDAMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS 5
Thus, Eriodictyon (from Gr. epiov, wool + 5iKTuo*>, net) alludes to
its wooly, netted veined leaves; Melaleuca (from Gr. /zeXas, black,
-J-XevKos, white) alludes to the black bark of the trunk and white
bark of the branches; Marrubium (from Hebrew marrob, bitter)
refers to its bitter sap; Barosma (from Gr. fiapvs, heavy + 007*17,
odor) in allusion to its strong smell; Epiphegus (from Gr. era, upon,
+ #7776$, the beech) alludes to its growth on the roots of that tree;
Impatiens (from Lat. in, not and patiens, enduring) refers to the
sudden bursting of the capsules of this genus when touched; Ly co-
podium (from Gr. XVKOS, a wolf, + Trot's, a foot) pertains to the
appearance of the shoots of this genus. Many have been named in
honor of eminent naturalists or friends of these, or other noted
persons. For example, Collins onia was named in honor of Peter
Collinson, an English botanist of the i8th century; Dioscorea in honor
of Dioscorides, the Greek naturalist \Paullinia after Paullini, a German
botanist of the i7th century; Cinchona in honor of the countess of
Chinchon, who brought the bark to Europe in 1640 and Jeffersonia,
in honor of Thomas Jefferson.
The specific names are for the most part adjectives which agree with
the names of genera to which they belong in case, gender, etc. They
may, however, be nouns and in a few instances consist of two Buy Kamagra Gel nouns
or a noun and an adjective. If an adjective it should begin with a
small letter, as in Rhus glabra and Euonymus atropurpureus. When
the specific name is a noun, it may either be a proper noun in the
genitive case when it should begin with a capital, as Garcinia Han-
buryi] or it may be a common noun in the genitive, when it should
begin with a small letter, as Grindelia camporum; or the noun may
be in apposition to the generic name and so in the same case, as
Cytisus scoparius. Names that had formerly been used for genera
but since reduced to species are always capitalized, whether origi-
nally proper nouns or not, as Aristolochia Serpentaria and Anacyclus
Pyrethrum. In cases where two nouns make up the specific name,
the first of these is in the nominative case, the second in the genetive,
the two names being connected by a hyphen, as Capsella bursa-pastoris.
The botanical name of the species yielding the drug, Aspidosperma,
(Aspidosperma Quebracho-bianco} will serve as an example of the
specific portion of the names being composed of a noun and an Kamagra Sales Uk ad-
6 PHARMACEUTICAL BOTANY
jective. Specific names taken from names of persons should always
begin with a capital.
Names of varieties are applied in three different ways. Either
the name of the species is given and followed by the prefix var.'
before the varietal name, as Chenopodium ambrosioides var. anthel-
minticum; or the varietal name may be appended to the name of the
species, as Chenopodium ambrosioides anthelminticum\ or the varietal
name may be placed immediately after the name of the genus and
the specific name dropped, as Chenopodium anthelminticum.
It frequently happens that a botanist is careless in naming a species,
and, without ascertaining whether the same name has been assigned
to another species, applies it to his, thus causing duplication. For
example, there are two distinct species of plants named Prunus
virginiana, one of these, the Wild Black Cherry, the other, the Choke
Cherry. In this instance the name Prunus virginiana does not tell
us which species the writer or speaker refers to. It might be the
Choke Cherry named ft Prunus virginiana" by Linnaeus or the Wild
Black Cherry named "Prunus virginiana" by Miller at a later date.
Accordingly, it is necessary to add to the name of the species the
author's name. Thus, Prunus virginiana Linne refers to the Choke
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